Industry 4.0 Adoption in Transportation: Does Industry 4.0 Adoption Enhance Sustainability? A Systematic Literature Review

Document Type : Review Paper


1 Bahria University Karachi

2 Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan


The study aims to examine the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies in the transportation industry and their impact on enhancing sustainability. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify the application and impact of Industry 4.0 in the transportation industry within the context of sustainability. The results showed that Industry 4.0 technologies have significantly contributed to sustainability in the transportation sector. Blockchain technology. Internet of Things (IoT). Artificial intelligence (AI), big data analytics (BDA), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Global Positioning System (GPS), and the use of robotics and sensors are found to be the most prominent technologies used in the transportation industry.  The results also indicated some key challenges which include higher investment costs, cyber security threats, technological integration, and insufficient qualified and skilled human resources. The study provides valuable insight to businesses and policymakers. Industry 4.0 technologies have the crucial potential to resolve transportation and logistics disruptions and improve sustainable performance. Future studies could investigate to fully understand the long-term effects of Industry 4.0 on sustainability in the transportation sector and the potential for new technologies to further improve transportation systems and explore the barriers to adopting Industry 4.0 technologies in different contexts.


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