A sustainability model for globalized mining supply chain

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Information & Decision Sciences, Jack H. Brown College of Business and Public Administration, California State University, San Bernardino, California, USA.

2 Halliburton Energy Services, Houston, Texas, USA.


New dynamics in consumer behavior demand a review of methods for the provenance of consumer products, especially the evolution of supply chains in the mining and manufacturing industry. This phenomenon has intrigued academic and corporate communities to foster research in supply chain sustainability. Globalization has introduced complexities to the traditional implementation of mining supply chain networks that require quantification within a unified framework for commensurable qualitative analysis. Irrespective of valuable opportunity presented by the mining industry to benefit national economies and local communities, there are still however, environmental, and social impacts that beseech a global heed. A more systemic approach to conceptualize within the context of developing assessment tools is imperative. This study investigates the effects of globalization on supply chain networks, while leveraging the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) theory to determine relationships with various sustainability dimensions as well as proposes a practical mathematical model to estimate the impact of globalization on the mining supply chain networks. The developed model is validated against measures of gross domestic products (GDP) per capita. However, findings suggest that a determination of the impact of globalization on mining supply chain sustainability cannot exclusively peg with the GDP.