Exploring Disposition Decision for Sustainable Reverse Logistics in the Era of A Circular Economy: Applying the Triple Bottom Line Approach in the Manufacturing Industry

Document Type : Research Paper


1 School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China

2 School of International Business, Yuexiu University, Zhejiang, China

3 Lyallpur Business School, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan


In recent times, the circular economy has gained much attention due to its emphasis on sustainability. Likewise, reverse logistics also plays a significant role in embracing and practical implications of the circular economy in the supply chain process. Disposition is among the critical factors that can strongly relate to reverse logistics in the light of sustainable practices. It also improves the overall operative productivity of reverse logistics. This study's primary goal is to investigate the concept of reverse logistics in the Pakistan textile manufacturing industry. Disposition decision effects using a triple bottom line that includes environmental, economic, and social performance under reverse logistics were also examined. Disposition decisions methodology and a triple bottom line approach were used for study hypothesis development. A survey-based approach was adopted using an online questionnaire technique by sending emails to 400 textile manufacturers in Pakistan. This study applied PLS (SEM) to test the hypothesis. Moreover, results also disclose positive linkage with triple bottom line performance. This research will be opening a new research paradigm for academicians, industries, and policymakers for the effective improvement in overall textile manufacturing reverse logistics.


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