Modelling the Barriers in Managing Closed Loop Supply Chains of Automotive Industries in Bangladesh

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Industrial and Production Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh

2 Lincoln Memorial University, Knoxville, Tennessee (TN), USA


Closing the supply chain loop at the end of a product’s life cycle is gaining popularity among researchers and practitioners because of its paramount influence on social and environmental issues. With the continuous adaption of the closed loop supply chain (CLSC) by developed countries, Bangladeshi automotive companies have given attention to CLSCs as a means of saving natural resources (energy, material, etc.) and reducing production costs. This paper proposed a structured framework using Delphi and fuzzy TOPSIS approaches for identifying and assessing major Bangladeshi automotive industry CLSC barriers. Through a literature review and extracting opinions from experts, a total of five major barriers and 16 sub-barriers were identified and evaluated via fuzzy TOPSIS. The result revealed that economic barriers were dominant for CLSC implementation in the existing supply chain followed by information-related barriers. This research may be a guideline to manufacturers when formulating strategic decisions and organizational visions for CLSC implementation.


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